What is a Battery, How Does It Work?
Battery , the presence of more than one battery in the middle and these batteries combine to produce power. Batteries have a wide range of uses …
Battery , the presence of more than one battery in the middle and these batteries combine to produce power. Batteries have a wide range of uses, from electronic devices to communication and defense systems. Quickly, every technological device needs a battery. The most valuable reason why the usage areas of the batteries are so wide is that they can be recharged and made usable when the power in them runs out.
The power of the battery in an electronic device gradually decreases as you use the device, and after a while the device becomes unusable. In this case, it is possible to charge the device’s battery and recharge it with power. Batteries filled with power will make the devices they are attached to usable again.
Parts of batteries that enable electronic devices to work
The battery, which provides power transfer to electronic devices, consists of different parts. Electrolyte, kilo and anode The only mission of the battery, which is called as the battery and has three main parts; It is the power transfer in order to ensure the operation of the device it is attached to by converting the chemical energy in it into electrical power.
There are multiple reasons why batteries are preferred in electronic devices. However, the most important of these reasons is the use of charging again. A battery consumes the energy inside itself after transferring the energy contained in it to the device it is attached to. The batteries can be recharged to restore power and continue using the device.
How is electron transfer achieved?
Batteries, which can be recharged, enable the transfer of electrons through the electric current in the middle of two different devices. During the transfer of these electrons, no random negative situation is encountered. There are no reactions such as burning and rusting in the middle of the two devices. Only during electron transfer heat is generated. This is also why a device gets hot when charging.
It is often wondered how the batteries, which are charged and used more than once, work. The battery, which contains many batteries, has a working principle. Batteries are devices that enable the devices in which they are used to work. It transfers the energy required for the operation of the electronic device to the device and makes this transfer thanks to the cells connected to each other in parallel or in series.
Connecting the batteries in the batteries in series or parallel to each other actually has a goal. Connecting the batteries in it in parallel with each other is to increase the power capacity even more.
The purpose of the series connection is to increase the tension in it. Batteries also actually work with a battery system. In short, as in the battery system, it stores a power and transfers this energy to the device to make the devices work.
Usage areas of batteries
We now know what a battery means, how it works, and its definitional term. Alright What are the uses of batteries? We frequently use one or more electronic devices in our daily life. Batteries are quickly found in every electrically powered device. There are many areas where technological devices are used, which ensures that there is no long-term interruption in the use of devices and thus provides a free and faithful environment for human beings. We can list some of these devices and their usage areas as follows;
Cell phones, walkie-talkies, tablets and laptops,
Small household appliances used in the kitchen,
ATM and portable vehicles,
Fire and security systems,
Bicycles, scooters and motorcycles technology continues to evolve. The continuous development of technology also increases the usage areas of batteries. For example; Thanks to the developing technology, cars that previously worked with fuel products such as fuel oil and diesel are now electrical energyThey started working with
Thanks to their rechargeable engines, electric cars have begun to be harmless to nature and significantly reduce the costs of users. In addition, these models offer advantages to car users thanks to their very fast charging feature.
Exciting innovation in transportation: Electric Scooters
Apart from automobiles; electric bicycles, scooters and motorcycles are now moving with power thanks to the developing technology. The high traffic density lately is tiring people. People lose a lot of time because of this traffic density while going to work, school, home or meeting with their friends. Those who want to reach the places they want to go fasterprefers these electric scooters, which are spread all over the city.
Electric scooters, which save both speed and time, are always suitable for use. After the users go wherever they want, they leave the scooters in an appropriate way and ensure that their batteries are recharged with power. Thanks to their inexhaustible power, more and more people can use these scooters.
How many different batteries are there?
There are different types of batteries as well as different usage areas. This distinction is made according to usage and electrochemical structure. For this reason, it is necessary to examine the batteries in two different clusters;
Primary (primary) battery types
- Secondary (secondary) battery types
The biggest disadvantage of primary batteries is that they cannot be recharged. It is also not suitable for multiple uses since it cannot be charged. These disposable batteries are also separated within themselves. This separation is made according to the electrochemicals they are in. Zinc-carbon, zinc-alkali-MnO2We can say that zinc-oxide and lithium batteries are non-rechargeable prime batteries.
Secondary batteries, on the other hand, are batteries that can be recharged and thus have a longer lifetime. The most valuable feature of these batteries is that they can be used over and over again. These batteries are also diversified according to the electrochemicals that make up their components. It is possible to say that there are several different types of secondary batteries such as lead-acid, nickel-metalhydride, lithium-ion, li-ion and lithium-metal.
What is the main difference between them?
When you look at it, you can see that the same chemicals are in different battery sets. This is because the electrochemicals of these components differ. This difference also provides the formation of a different structure. For this reason, chemicals are examined in two different clusters because they form a different structure even if they are the same. Rechargeable batteries and non-rechargeable batteries There are differences in the middle. Chief among these differences is cost.
After the batteries in the batteries used in energy transfer are completely exhausted, they are recharged and made ready for use again. However, in batteries produced with non-rechargeable batteries, it is not possible to renew the energy contained in them after power transfer. Therefore, it does not generate electric current and the electronic device cannot be used.
For non-rechargeable batteries, the battery needs to be changed in order to use the device again. This also creates an extra cost. In fact, rechargeable batteries have a higher cost than non-rechargeable batteries.
However, when you consider or calculate this cost in the long run, charged batteries are more advantageous because the price is not paid for the battery each time.